New York State's Article 10 Process

Permitting Wind Energy in New York

New York has a very rigorous state permitting system for major electric generating facilities called Article 10. The Article 10 process will offer members of the public many opportunities to share their opinions and suggestions about Heritage Wind with both Apex and the New York State Board of Electric Generation Siting and the Environment (

What Is Article 10?

Article 10 is a New York state regulation that defines a clear process for public engagement in permitting large electric generating facilities. Article 10:

  • applies to electric generating facilities with 25 MW or more of generating capacity, including renewable energy projects
  • includes environmental justice and environmental and health requirements
  • ensures broad public involvement opportunities throughout the process
  • makes funds available to local parties and municipalities through an intervenor fund so they can make an effective contribution to the proceedings

There are five stages of the Article 10 process:

  1. Pre-Application: Applicants must file a Public Involvement Program plan summarizing activities to educate, inform, and involve the public in the process 150 days before filing a Preliminary Scoping Statement (PSS). Ninety days before filing an application, the applicant files the PSS, which must also be provided to state and municipal agencies, state and local officials, and local libraries. A notice summarizing the PSS must also be placed in newspapers. The PSS must include:
    • proposed facility and environmental setting

    • potential significant, adverse environmental/health impacts

    • proposed studies to evaluate potential impacts

    • measures to avoid or mitigate adverse impacts

    • reasonable alternatives

    • state and federal requirements

    After the Preliminary Scoping Statement is submitted, circulated, and publicly noticed, and after at least half of the intervenor funds have been awarded, consultation begins with interested parties on the methodology and scope of impact studies. The public has an opportunity to comment on the PSS, and the applicant (Apex, in this case) is required to respond to the written public comments.

  2. Application: The project application will be filed with the Siting Board and made available for public inspection at libraries. Copies of the application will also be provided to interested parties, and a notice summarizing the application will be published in local newspapers. State legislators in affected districts will also be notified. The application must include:
    • project description

    • public involvement activity

    • facility and community security and safety plans

    • evaluation of expected environmental/health impacts, environmental justice issues, and reasonable alternative locations

  3. Administrative Hearings: Within 60 days of receiving a project application, the chair of the Siting Board determines whether the application complies with all filing requirements. If so, a date for the public hearing is set. The hearing examiner also holds a pre-hearing conference to identify intervenors, award intervenor funds, identify issues for the hearing, and establish a case schedule.

  4. Siting Board Decision: The Siting Board must make explicit findings about the nature of the environmental impacts related to construction and operation of the facility and related facilities. Specifically, the board will consider impacts to:
    • statewide electrical capacity

    • ecology, air, ground and surface water, wildlife, and habitat

    • public health and safety

    • cultural, historical, and recreational resources

    • transportation, communication, and utilities

    • cumulative emissions on the local community according to environmental justice regulations

    The board must also determine that the facility is a “beneficial addition or substitute for” generation capacity, that construction and operation are in the public interest, that adverse environmental effects will be minimized or avoided, and that the project is in compliance with state laws and regulations.

  5. Compliance: Once the project is certified, there are three elements of post-certification compliance:
    • Pre-Construction: Includes the filing of engineering and design documents, permits, or approvals

    • DPS On-Site Compliance: Staff from the Department of Public Service will be on hand to ensure that compliance requirements are met at the facility after construction begins

    • Long-Term Compliance: After construction, a facility’s certificate may require long-term compliance regarding the operation of the facility over its lifetime

The Intervenor Fund

The intervenor fund exists to ensure that it is possible for any interested local parties or municipalities to contribute to the proceedings. All projects must pay $350 per MW of generating capacity into the fund, up to $200,000, during the pre-application stage.

In addition, each project application must be accompanied by a fee of $1,000 per MW of capacity into the fund, up to $400,000, during the application stage. The presiding examiner or secretary will issue a notice when funds are available, informing the public as to how they may apply for a portion of these funds. Requests for funds must be submitted to the presiding examiner no later than 30 days after the issuance of the notice of availability. Eligible municipal and local parties may request funds by filing the requests with the secretary of the Siting Board and submitting a copy to the presiding examiner and to the other parties to the proceeding.

Funds will be awarded to municipalities and local parties on an equitable basis, when it is determined that the funds will facilitate broad participation in the proceeding and will be used to contribute to a complete record leading to an informed decision as to the appropriateness of the site and the facility.

Half of the intervenor funds must be made available to municipal parties and half to local parties to hire expert witnesses, consultants, and/or lawyers.

For Galloo Island Wind, the pre-application phase would be $35,000. The application phase will be an additional $100,000.

For More Information About the Article 10 Process ...

The State of New York has an office within the Department of Public Service, called the Public Information Coordinator, to assist and advise interested parties and members of the public on participation in the siting and certification of major electric generating facilities. To learn more about the Public Information Coordinator or for contact information, visit

For more information on the Article 10 Siting Board, please visit the website for the New York State Board on Electric Generation Siting and the Environment.

To provide comments on a case, contact the Secretary of the Siting Board:

Hon. Kathleen H. Burgess

Siting Board
3 Empire State Plaza
Albany, NY 12223-1350

Phone the Opinion Line to leave a comment: (800) 355-2120

To contact Apex Clean Energy:

Neil Habig

Apex Clean Energy
310 4th St. NE, Ste 200
Charlottesville, VA 22902

Phone: (315) 215-2934

To share comments with us via this website, visit our Contact Us page.

Local Document Repositories

Hay Memorial Library
105 South Broad Street
Sackets Harbor, NY 13685
(315) 646‐2228

Henderson Free Library
8939 New York 178
Henderson, NY 13650
(315) 938‐7169

Oswego Public Library
120 E. 2nd Street
Oswego, NY 13126